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2022考研试题长难句语法分析

发布日期:2021-09-14 18:40:54  来源:河南中公考研

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  1、Ministers should also look at creating greater certainty in the rental environment, which would have a significant impact on the ability of registered providers to fund new developments from revenues.( 2014英语二 Text4 )

  【主干】

  ①主句Ministers should also look at creating greater certainty in the rental environment

  ②定语从句which would have a significant impact on the ability of registered providers to fund new developments from revenues.

  一、【主句】

  Ministers should also look at creating greater certainty in the rental environment

  主干:主语Ministers,谓语should look at,宾语creating greater certainty(v.ing形式)

  修饰:地点状语in the rental environment,连词also

  二、【定语从句】(修饰对象为主句)

  which would have a significant impact on the ability of registered providers to fund new developments from revenues.

  引导词:which,作主语

  ①主干:主语which,谓语would have,宾语a significant impact

  ②修饰:状语on the ability(介词短语),定语of registered providers修饰ability(介词短语),目的状语to fund new developments(to do形式),状语from revenues就近修饰fund(介词短语)

  2、In fact, these commutes were reportedly more enjoyable compared with those without communication, which makes absolute sense, since human beings thrive off of social connections.(2015英语二 完型)

  【主干】

  ①主句In fact, these commutes were reportedly more enjoyable compared with those without communication

  ②定语从句(修饰主句)which makes absolute sense

  ③状语从句 since human beings thrive off of social connections.

  一、【主句】

  In fact, these commutes were reportedly more enjoyable compared with those without communication.

  ①主干:主语these commutes,系动词were,表语enjoyable

  ②修饰:连词In fact,状语(副词)reportedly修饰系动词,状语(副词)more修饰形容词enjoyable,状语(分词短语v.ed)compared with those,定语(介词短语)without communication修饰those

  二、【定语从句】(修饰主句)

  which makes absolute sense

  ①主干:主语which,谓语makes sense

  ②修饰:定语(形容词)absolute修饰sense

  三、【状语从句】(修饰主句)

  since human beings thrive off of social connections.

  关系连词since,引导原因状语从句

  主干:主语human beings,谓语thrive off,状语of social connections

  3、With the blurring of roles, and the fact that the home front lags well behind the workplace in making adjustments for working women, it’s not surprising that women are more stressed at home.(2015英语二 Text 1)

  【主干】

  ①主句it’s not surprising that women are more stressed at home.

  ②状语With the blurring of roles, and the fact that the home front lags well behind the workplace in making adjustments for working women.

  一、【主句】

  it’s not surprising that women are more stressed at home.

  ①主干:形式主语 it’s not surprising +真正主语从句that women are more stressed at home.

  形式主语格式为: it is + a.+that从句

  ②主语从句:

  引导词that

  主干:主语women,系动词are,表语stressed

  修饰:状语(副词)more修饰形容词stressed,地点状语at home修饰整个系动词/整个主语从句

  二、【伴随状语】(修饰主句)

  With the blurring of roles, and the fact that the home front lags well behind the workplace in making adjustments for working women.

  ①主干结构:关系连词with+名词the blurring and the fact

  ②修饰:

  1、后置定语(介词短语)of roles修饰blurring,

  2、同位语从句that the home front lags well behind the workplace in making adjustments for working women.(修饰the fact)

  引导词that

  ①主干:主语the home front,谓语lags well behind,宾语the workplace

  ②修饰:状语(副词)well修饰谓语,地点状语(介词短语)in making adjustments,定语(介词短语)for working women修饰adjustments

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